Tuesday, 18 May 2010

DISEASES REQUIRING DROPLET PRECAUTIONS

Disease Precautionary period

Invasive Haemophilus influenzae type b disease, including meningitis, pneumonia, and sepsis Until 24 hours after initiation of effective therapy

Invasive Neisseria meningitidis disease, including meningitis, pneumonia, epiglottis, and sepsis Until 24 hours after initiation of effective therapy

Diphtheria (pharyngeal) Until off antibiotics and two cultures taken at least 24 hours apart are negative

Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection Duration of illness

Pertussis Until five days after initiation of effective therapy

Pneumonic plague Until 72 hours after initiation of effective therapy

Streptococcal pharyngitis, pneumonia, or scarlet fever in infants and young children Until 24 hours after initiation of effective therapy

Adenovirus infection in infants and young children Duration of illness

Influenza Duration of illness

Mumps For 9 days after onset of swelling

Parvovirus B19 Maintain precautions for duration of hospitalization when chronic disease occurs in an immunocompromised patient. For patients with transient aplastic crisis or red-cell crisis, maintain precautions for 7 days.

Rubella (German measles) Until 7 days after onset of rash